Foundations Of Buckram

The foundation for the second is in the shape of a low pyramid made from

buckram. Cut a small circle of buckram, slash in three equally distant

places from the outer edge to within one-eighth of an inch of the

center. Lap a small amount and sew. Three rows or more of pleating may

be used on this ornament. An ordinary ornament will require about five

yards of inch-wide ribbon. The first row would be placed near the

de edge of the buckram and each pleat sewed as it is laid. The

pleating should radiate from the center. To do this, the inside of the

pleating will lap more than the outside. The next row will overlap this

first row and the same method will be used. The pleating may be tested

by holding a ruler on a line between the top and the lower edge of the

pleating. The pleats should all be on a straight line between these

points. The last or finishing row is the most difficult of all. The

pleats at the apex should meet, and pleats at the lower overlapping edge

be on a line with the rest of the pleating. A tiny bow or button is

sometimes used to finish the top, but it is much handsomer if finished

without either bow or button.